According to studies by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) trips and falls are among the leading causes of hospitalization. The following are procedures so that you can avoid them; particularly so if you are a senior citizen, in which case you would be the most prone to this kind of accident.
1) If possible, keep your hands empty when you walk. Free hands allow you to be more centered and balanced and give you a better opportunity at righting yourself should you feel you might slip.
2) Get rid of obstructions and clutter from all walking space in your home. This is to ensure clear and easy maneuverability inside your home. Be sure the path to your kitchen, bathroom, bed, closet and favorite chair are as straight as possible and well lit. Install addition lighting and increase the brightness of the lights you do have. Remove any clutter or furniture that may present a ‘bumping’ opportunity.
3) Buy sturdy shoes so you can get active support. Wear shoes with a good griping sole. Avoid using slippers and flip flops and also avoid walking around with only socks on your feet. Avoid footwear that feels ‘slippery’ or could slide when turning a corner.
4) Install supportive and sturdy rails on all steps or stairs in the home. Railings must be installed even if it is just a short distance going up or down small steps. Stair areas should be free of all clutter; and railings in the shower and toilet area are also recommended to prevent slips and falls.
5) Do exercises daily to help promote balance. Loss of coordination and balance are one major cause of falls. Exercising your muscles, no matter how slightly, should improve your strength and balance. Always check with your doctor before attempting any exercise.
6) Don't climb stools or step ladders. Ask someone to get things for you if it is high up on a shelf or cupboard. Minimize risk of falling by not putting things where you need to climb to reach them.